Decorator – Attach additional reponsibilities to an object dynamically. Decorators provide a flexible alternative to subclassing for extending functionality.
- Classes should be open for extension but close for modification.
- Inheritance is one form of extension, but not necessarily the best way to achieve flexibility in our designs.
- In our designs we should allow behavior to be extended without the need to modify existing code.
- Compostion and delegation can often be used to add new behaviors at runtime.
- The decorator Pattern provides an altertive to subclassing for extending behavior.
- The Decorator Pattern involves a set of decorator classes that used to wrap concrete components.
- Decorator classes mirror the type of the components they decorate.(In fact, the are the same type as the components the decorate, either through inheritance or interface implementation.
- Decorators change the behavior of their components by adding new functionality before and/or after(or even in place of) method calls to the components.
- You can wrap a component with any number of decorators.
- Decorators are typically transparent to the client of the components; that is, unless the client is relying on the component’s concrete type.
- Decorators can result in many small objects in our design, and overuse can be complex.